The health of people in Broadland and South Norfolk is generally better than the national average, but in Norwich it is markedly worse. There is also marked variation within the city itself with life expectancy at birth being 10.9 years lower for men in the most deprived areas than in the least deprived14.
The Greater Norwich authorities work with providers to help ensure required additional health care facilities are planned for. Service provision will need to be planned to take account of demographic changes, including the ageing population, and the integration of health services. The design of development should support technological changes as such changes are leading to different ways of providing health care such as on-line consultations.
Development will also need to be designed to include high quality green infrastructure and community facilities to encourage healthy and active lifestyles, including healthy ageing and active retirement. Good quality housing and local access to facilities for all will be needed to reduce inequalities. This will assist in reducing health inequalities.
There are higher crime levels in inner urban wards, particularly in areas with a concentration of late-night drinking establishments. Overall, according to ONS data for 201915 , crime rates in the Norfolk police force area remain relatively low (10th out of 43 for crime rate16). Statistics relating to knife crime show Norfolk to be amongst the lowest in the country (9th lowest out of 43). However, Norwich experienced an increase in knife crime between 2016-18 to a rate of 10 per 10,000 people, compared to 1.1 per 10,000 in both Broadland and South Norfolk17.
Statistics relating to drug related crime show Norfolk to be 25th out of police 43 areas in England and Wales in 2019. Research18 found that Norfolk is the top county affected by London individuals linked (or suspected to be linked) to County Lines, with Norwich listed as the most prominent city.
It is important that the local plan ensures that new development is designed to minimise crime.
14Index of Multiple Deprivation
16Official UK Crime Rate (CR) statistic, CR is best understood in totality as “Crimes per 1,000 resident people as per the latest official Census over a selected time period”
South Norfolk: https://ukcrimestats.com/Subdivisions/DIS/6724/
18The research was carried out by the Mayor of London and published in the document: “Rescue and Response County Lines Project – Supporting young Londoners affected by county lines exploitation – Strategic Assessment (August) 2019 ”